SC is the International Conference for
High Performance Computing, Networking,
Storage and Analysis

SCHEDULE: NOV 12-18, 2011

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SciHadoop: Array-based Query Processing in Hadoop

SESSION: MapReduce and Network QoS


TIME: 1:30PM - 2:00PM

AUTHOR(S):Joe Buck, Noah Watkins, Jeff LeFevre, Kleoni Ioannidou, Carlos Maltzahn, Neoklis Polyzotis, Scott Brandt


Hadoop has become the de-facto platform for large-scale analysis in commercial applications, and increasingly so in scientific applications. However, applying Hadoop's byte-stream data model causes inefficiencies when used for scientific data that is stored in highly-structured, binary file formats. This limits the scalability of Hadoop applications in science. We introduce SciHadoop, a Hadoop plugin allowing scientists to specify logical queries over array-based data models. SciHadoop executes these queries as map/reduce programs defined over the logical data model. We describe the implementation of a SciHadoop prototype for netCDF data sets, and quantify the performance of three effective optimizations: the first optimization minimizes network traffic by intelligently partitioning the input space of mappers at the logical level; the second optimization avoids full-scans by pruning partitions using knowledge of query data dependencies; the third optimization minimizes data transfers by processing holistic aggregation functions (e.g. median) at mappers instead of reducers whenever possible.

Chair/Author Details:

Joe Buck - University of California, Santa Cruz

Noah Watkins - University of California, Santa Cruz

Jeff LeFevre - University of California, Santa Cruz

Kleoni Ioannidou - University of California, Santa Cruz

Carlos Maltzahn - University of California, Santa Cruz

Neoklis Polyzotis - University of California, Santa Cruz

Scott Brandt - University of California, Santa Cruz

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The full paper can be found in the ACM Digital Library

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