SC is the International Conference for
High Performance Computing, Networking,
Storage and Analysis

SCHEDULE: NOV 12-18, 2011

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On the Duality of Data-intensive File System Design: Reconciling HDFS and PVFS

SESSION: MapReduce and Network QoS


TIME: 2:00PM - 2:30PM

AUTHOR(S):Wittawat Tantisiriroj, Swapnil Patil, Garth Gibson, Seung Son, Samuel Lang, Robert Ross


Data-intensive applications fall into two computing styles: Internet services (cloud computing) or high-performance computing (HPC). In both categories, the underlying file system is a key component in scalable application performance. In this paper, we explore the similarities and differences between PVFS, a parallel file system used in HPC at large scale, and HDFS, the primary storage system used in cloud computing with Hadoop. We integrate PVFS into Hadoop and compare its performance to HDFS using a set of data-intensive computing benchmarks. We study how HDFS-specific optimizations can be matched using PVFS and how consistency, durability, and persistence tradeoffs made by these file systems affect application performance. We show how to embed multiple replicas into a PVFS file, including a mapping with a complete copy local to the writing client, to emulate HDFS's file layout policies. We also highlight implementation issues with HDFS's dependence on disk bandwidth and benefits from pipelined replication.

Chair/Author Details:

Wittawat Tantisiriroj - Carnegie Mellon University

Swapnil Patil - Carnegie Mellon University

Garth Gibson - Carnegie Mellon University

Seung Son - Argonne National Laboratory

Samuel Lang - Argonne National Laboratory

Robert Ross - Argonne National Laboratory

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The full paper can be found in the ACM Digital Library

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