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A Distributed Look-up Architecture for Text Mining Applications using MapReduce
EVENT TYPE: Paper
TIME: 11:30AM - 12:00PM
AUTHOR(S):Atilla S. Balkir, Ian Foster, Andrey Rzhetsky
ABSTRACT: We study text analysis algorithms that use global optimization methods to compute local characteristics that are consistent with properties of the entire corpus rather than computed locally based on exogenous parameters. In the iterative implementations that we consider, each step both reads and updates a database of parameter values. Motivated by a need for rapid analysis of large corpora, we have developed methods for efficient access to such databases on
parallel computers. These methods combine Bloom filters, in-memory caches, and an HBase cluster to reduce communication costs greatly relative to simpler approaches that either fully distribute or fully replicate the database. We
also describe how this method can be incorporated into the MapReduce programming model, and illustrate its use within phrase segmentation programs. Our design can achieve considerable run time, latency and storage space improvements relative to other methods. In one phrase segmentation application, we improve performance by a factor of six relative to an HBase-based implementation.
Atilla S. Balkir - University of Chicago
Ian Foster - University of Chicago/Argonne National Laboratory
Andrey Rzhetsky - University of Chicago/Argonne National Laboratory